艾滋病毒携带者病后才知放纵代价大 艾滋病不再是绝症

艾滋病毒携带者病后才知放纵代价大 艾滋病不再是绝症
http://www.yunnan.cn  发布时间 2008-11-29 09:01:26 星期六    来源: 云南网  
尚红,中国防治艾滋病最权威专家之一。现任中国医科大学附属第一医院艾滋病确认实验室主任、检验科主任、教授、博士生导师,国家艾滋病性病专家咨询委员会委员等。
晚报:从全国来看,现在艾滋病防治达到什么水平了?能够治好吗? 尚红(以下简称尚):艾滋病患者是无法治愈的,所以我们普及防止艾滋病的知识就更为重要。不过医疗技术水平已比原来先进了很多,有的HIV携带者,还可以存活很长时间,感染者的病情也可以通过鸡尾酒疗法得到控制,很多药物也是进口的。
晚报:也就是说艾滋病不是绝症?
尚:是的,艾滋病不是绝症,也并不可怕。艾滋病的传播途径只有3种,总的来说就是通过血液和体液传播,正常的和艾滋病患者接触,如一起吃饭、握手都不会患艾滋病。母婴现在可以做到完全阻断了。
记者 普嘉(春城晚报)

艾滋病毒携带者病后才知放纵代价大

 

福建之窗   www.fujian-window.com   2008-11-30

 


  明天是第21个世界艾滋病宣传日。
  29日,两位艾滋病毒携带者向记者讲述了他们的故事,希望更多人从中吸取教训,也希望社会能正视艾滋病,给艾滋病感染者更多的关注与谅解。

  感染者成为“防艾”宣传员

  2004年,在福州打工的安宁(化名)被确诊感染艾滋病毒(HIV)。此前,他一直以为艾滋病只有外国才有,离自己的生活很远。没想到,因为放纵染上了艾滋病,他所有的梦想都破碎了。他一度想过自杀,但家人的关爱让他坚持了下来。

  嫖娼让他染病

  安宁说,原来他有一个女朋友,但他一直不懂得珍惜,生活放纵,经常去找“小姐”。当时,有老乡善意提醒他,小心嫖娼染上艾滋病。他想到自己与“小姐”发生性关系时很少使用避孕套,心里一阵不安,于是独自到市疾控中心做了血检。

  很快,安宁就接到复检的通知,心里顿时凉了一截,“我想,这下完了,肯定出了什么问题,但又不停地祈祷:千万不能查出(HIV)是阳性”。经过再三检测,安宁被确诊感染艾滋病毒。

  当日,安宁从检验中心出来,头脑一片空白。

  “听到这个消息,我的第一个念头就是不想活了。”他说,“当时,我也有过阴暗的想法,甚至想过报复社会,但这个念头仅仅一闪就过了。自己是受害者,我很清楚别人的感受。”

  了解后不那么怕了

  他跑到全城最大的新华书店,翻阅了所有跟艾滋病有关的书籍。这时,他才认识到在自己体内的艾滋病毒,它会迅速复制而且终生传染,最终使人体免疫系统彻底崩溃,直至死亡。性接触是重要的传播途径,此外还有血液传播和母婴传播的途径。他推算了自己的情况,只有嫖娼后感染的可能。

  “以前不了解这方面的知识,对艾滋病非常恐惧。掌握一点艾滋病的知识,反而不那么害怕了。我知道目前这个病没有药可以根治,但我想通了,反而没那么害怕。”

  家人关爱给他希望

  回家后,他主动跟女友提出了分手,并把自己的情况告诉了家人。家人的关爱让他放弃了轻生的念头,坚持到现在。

  “我的老家在外省,确诊后的第二天,我就打电话回家,告诉大哥我的情况。他非常震惊,但还是给了我很多鼓励,让我好好接受治疗。

  几天后,我回老家住了一阵,并看望了老父亲。所有的家人中,我只瞒着父亲一人,怕他年龄太大,承受不了这样的打击和压力。

  家人给了我很大的鼓舞,到现在,他们还经常给我发短信,问我的身体情况。”

  积极宣传“防艾”

  确诊后,安宁就辞职了,自己经营小本生意维持生计。目前,除了家人外,他没有告诉任何一个朋友自己是艾滋病毒携带者。

  4年过去了,安宁没有再交女朋友,他一直按时体检,并坚持服药,身体没有出现异常。

  虽然正常的接触和交往不会令别人感染艾滋病,但他还是非常小心。同时,他时常向朋友宣传艾滋病知识,特别是与老乡、朋友在一起时,他常会开导、提醒他们好好生活,不要放纵,注意预防艾滋病。

  “但他们中多数人都像我当初一样,抱着无所谓的态度。”他不安又无可奈何地说:“他们不知我的苦衷,还笑我胆小。所以尽管我迫于社会压力不愿暴露身份,但我还是希望通过媒体,让更多人吸取我的教训。”

 “为了女儿,我要好好活下去”

  阿海(化名)是一名瘾君子,也是艾滋病毒携带者。2006年,在一次强制戒毒后,他被确诊感染艾滋病毒。如今,他追悔莫及,希望自己的经历能警示世人。

  百万富翁吸毒沦落

  昨日上午,阿海在市疾控中心的草坪上接受记者采访,与他一同前来的还有他的一位中学好友。好友谈到阿海,摇摇头说:“太可惜了,他人挺好又很能干,而且长得很帅,在学校时,我们班的女生都喜欢他。”

  1995年,阿海从四川来福州打工,几年后开始承包工程,凭着聪明和勤劳,攒下百万家财,很快在福州安家。

  本来,阿海可以享受自己创造的财富,但是一切却因为一次大胆的冒险破灭了。1999年,阿海跟朋友到夜总会玩,有一个老乡拿着“白粉”(海洛因)让阿海试试看。这是阿海第一次吸毒。

  开始他拒绝了,但旁人一直说:“没关系,吸一下不会上瘾的。”禁不住老乡的劝诱,他尝试了一次。

  不久之后,阿海发现自己离不开毒品了,但为时已晚。其间,他也痛下决心要戒毒,甚至多次接受强制戒毒,但总是没多久又复发。

  几年下来,阿海把自己的百万家产全部换成毒品,他成了一个名副其实的瘾君子。

  静脉注射感染病毒

  2006年5月,阿海吸毒被抓,被送到戒毒所强制戒毒。出所时,工作人员告诉他:“你被查出HIV是阳性。”当时,他只有一个感觉:我完了。

  原来,吸毒上瘾后,阿海已经不满足于吸食,开始静脉注射。有时候,几个瘾君子聚在一起,大家混用针筒。

  阿海回忆,自己在进戒毒所前不久,曾经体检过一次,没有发现感染。惟一的可能就是进戒毒所前的最后一次聚会,他用别人用过的针筒注射,这让他感染艾滋病毒。

  女儿让他痛下决心

  当时,阿海的女儿刚满2周岁。确诊后,他回到家便让妻女去体检。

  等待结果的5天,是阿海人生中最难熬的日子。万一女儿被感染了,该怎么办?几天后,结果出来了,阿海一直不敢去看。幸运的是,家人都没有被感染。

  阿海说,自己确诊后,觉得人生没有意义了,打算再次接触毒品,自暴自弃算了。

  但是,市疾控中心的领导和医生给了他很大的鼓励,聪明可爱的女儿也让他放弃轻生的念头。

  妻子告诉阿海,他不在家的时候,女儿常常抱着他的照片喊“爸爸”。说到这,阿海狠狠地抽了口烟,说:“不管怎样,为了女儿我也要戒毒,要好好活下去。”

  去年,阿海正式接受戒毒,同时在市疾控中心的医生帮助下,开始接受治疗。

  活着就是希望

  与安宁不同的是,阿海不介意公开他的身份。目前,阿海在亲戚的工地里帮忙做一些简单的活,他周围的人都知道他是艾滋病毒携带者,也有人歧视他,但阿海并不在乎。

  阿海也经历过最艰难的阶段,他跟同事同桌吃饭,他夹了一筷子菜,对方看到了就全部倒掉。其实,与艾滋病毒携带者握手、交谈、同桌吃饭都不会被传染,但社会对艾滋病的恐惧及对艾滋病人的歧视,让这部分人群承受了巨大的压力。

  阿海说,自己也是受害者,也能理解他们的做法,但家人的态度对他最重要。由于担心家人跟他一起承受压力,目前阿海已经离家独自在外生活。

  他说:“活着就是希望,现在医学那么发达,我相信抗艾的药物终会发明出来。”

  “我的人生本不该是这样的,现在追悔莫及,希望通过媒体把我的经历告诉大家,让大家从我身上吸取教训:远离毒品,珍爱生命。”采访结束时,阿海说。

  (福州晚报记者 卓巧华 周甬)

People living with HIV disease found out after the license price is no longer a fatal disease AIDS large
http://www.yunnan.cn time released Saturday 2008-11-29 09:01:26 Source: Network in Yunnan
Is still red, Chinese AIDS experts, one of the most authoritative. The first subsidiary of the China Medical University Hospital director of the AIDS laboratory confirmation, the laboratory director, professor, doctoral tutor, the National AIDS sexually transmitted diseases, and other members of the advisory committee of experts.
Evening: from the national point of view, AIDS is now reaching the level of what? How can governance? Is still red (hereinafter referred to as yet): AIDS is incurable, so we popularize the knowledge on the prevention of AIDS is even more important. However, the level of medical technology has advanced a lot more than the original, and some people living with HIV can survive for a long time, infected with the disease can be controlled through the cocktail therapy, is also a lot of drug imports.
Evening: This means that AIDS is not a terminal illness?
Jean: Yes, AIDS is not a terminal illness, nothing to be feared. AIDS transmission, only 3, on the whole is spread through blood and body fluids, and normal contact with AIDS patients, such as dinner together, do not shake hands with AIDS patients. Maternal and child can now be completely blocked.
Reporters Pujia (Spring City Evening News)

People living with HIV disease found out after the big price-indulgence



Fujian window www.fujian-window.com 2008-11-30




Tomorrow is the first of 21 World AIDS Day.
29, two people living with HIV to reporters about their story, I hope more people will learn from it and hope the community can face up to AIDS, AIDS-infected people to pay more attention and understanding.

Become infected, "Fang Yi," propagandists

In 2004, peace workers in Fuzhou (not his real name) was diagnosed with HIV infection (HIV). Prior to this, he always thought that AIDS can only foreign, from his own life very much. Did not expect that, because of the indulgence infected with AIDS, all his dreams were shattered. He once thought about suicide, but family-friendly so that he insisted on it.

His sex disease

Ning said he has a girlfriend, but he did not know how to cherish life indulgence, often to find "Miss." At that time, there are well-intentioned fellow remind him that prostitutes infected with AIDS care. He thought of himself and "Miss" when they have sex rarely used condoms, a disturbed mind, so the city alone to the CDC has done blood tests.

Very soon, peace on the review received a notice from a sudden heart of the cool part of it, "I think that over the next definitely went wrong, but kept praying: Do not found (HIV) is positive" . After repeated testing, well-being diagnosed with HIV.

On the same day, the peace from the test center, a blank mind.

"Hearing this news, my first thought is the Buxiang Huo." He said, "At that time, I had dark thoughts, and even thought of revenge on society, but the idea only after the flash. He is a victim of I know very well what other people's feelings. "

So do not be afraid of understanding the

He went to the city's largest Xinhua Bookstore, read all the books with AIDS. At this time, he recognized himself in the body of HIV, it will reproduce rapidly and life-long infection at the end, the complete collapse of the body's immune system until death. Sexual contact is an important route of transmission, in addition to blood-borne and mother-to-child transmission. He projected his own, only after the prostitutes may be infected.

"In the past, do not have the knowledge, the very fear of AIDS. Grasp that AIDS knowledge, so do not be afraid of. I know this is no medicine that can cure disease, but I figured, but not so afraid."

He expressed the hope that the family-friendly

After returning home, he put forward the initiative with his girlfriend breaking up, and told his family. The family-friendly so that he gave up the idea of suicide, until now.

"My home in the province, confirmed after the second day, I called home to tell my big brother. He was very shocked, but still gave me a lot of encouragement, let me good treatment.

A few days later, I returned to the old, who lives in a while, and see the old father. All in the family, I just one person telling his father, for fear of his age too, can not afford this kind of combat and pressure.

His family has given me great encouragement, up to now, they often send text messages to me and asked my physical state. "

Positive publicity, "Fang Yi"

After the diagnosis, on the resignation of the peace, to operate their own small businesses to support themselves. At present, in addition to family, he did not tell any friends that he is living with HIV.

4 years later, peace has not re-girlfriend, he has been a medical examination on time and adhere to the medication, the body did not appear abnormal.

While normal contacts and exchanges will not make other people infected with AIDS, but he was very careful. At the same time, his friends from time to time to publicize AIDS knowledge, especially with the hometown, friends, he often taught to remind them of the good life, not to indulge and pay attention to the prevention of AIDS.

"But the majority of them are like me, like the original, with no attitude." Disturbed that he can do nothing about it: "I do not know their difficulties, I am timid smile. So even though I do not want to because of social pressure identified But I still hope that through the media, more people learned my lesson. "

"To her, I would like to live well"

A Hai (not her real name) is a drug addicts, but also people living with HIV. In 2006, during a mandatory drug treatment, he was diagnosed with HIV infection. Now, he Zhuihuimoji the hope that his experience as a warning to the people of the world.

Millionaire drug reduced

Yesterday morning, A Hai City in the CDC's lawn an interview with reporters, and he's also come with one of his school friends. A Hai talking about friends, shaking his head and said: "pity, others are very good and capable, and Zhangdehenshuai in schools, we have classes for girls like him."

In 1995, Sichuan A Hai from Fuzhou to work a few years after the project began, with intelligent and hard-working, saved millions of money, quickly settled down in Fuzhou.

Originally, A Hai able to enjoy their wealth, but all but a bold risk because of a burst. In 1999, A Hai nightclub with a friend to play, a fellow with a "white powder" (heroin) A Hai so give it a try. A Hai This is the first drug.

He refused to start, but others have been saying: "It does not matter, like smoking will not be addictive." Can not help induce the fellow, he tried once.

Not long after, found himself A Hai can not be separated from the drug, but it was too late. In the meantime, he must make a determined effort to drug treatment, or even several times to undergo mandatory drug treatment, but not always how long they relapse.

A few years, A Hai their millions all the family assets into drugs, he has become a truly drug addicts.

Intravenous infection

In May 2006, A Hai drug arrest, were sent to compulsory drug addiction treatment center. Out when the staff told him: "You have been found to be HIV-positive." At that time, he felt that there is only one: I finished.

It turned out that drug addiction, A Hai has not satisfied with the smoking, to start intravenous injection. Sometimes, the number of drug addicts to get together, we mix syringes.

A Hai recalls his drug into the long ago, has had a physical examination, there is no infection was found. The only possibility is to enter an addiction treatment center for the last time before the meeting, he used other people's injection needles, which he infected with HIV.

His daughter make a determined effort

At that time, A Hai's daughter, who just turned 2 years old. Confirmed, he will be home to let his wife and daughter to a medical examination.

Wait for the results of the 5 days of life A Hai is the most difficult days. In case her daughter was infected, how to do that? A few days later, the results come out, A Hai has been afraid to look at. Fortunately, the family was not infected.

A Hai said that after his diagnosis, and feel that life has no meaning, intends to contact the drug again, just give up on themselves.

However, the city's leadership and the CDC doctors gave him great encouragement, smart and lovely daughter, he also give up the idea of suicide.

A Hai told his wife that he was not at home, often with his daughter's photo to call for "Dad." Having said that, A Hai hard to smoke out the mouth, said: "In any case, I would also like her daughter to drug treatment, it is necessary to live well."

Last year, A Hai formally accepted the drug at the same time in the city of CDC help of a doctor and began treatment.

Hope is alive

And tranquility in The difference is that A Hai do not mind his public identity. At present, A Hai relatives at the site, to help do some simple living, the people around him know that he is living with HIV, it was discrimination against him, but do not care A Hai.

A Hai has also gone through the most difficult stage of his dinner table with my colleagues, he has a folder chopsticks vegetables, on the other side to see all the bathwater. In fact, people living with HIV and shake hands, talk, eat table will not be infected, but the community's fear of AIDS and AIDS discrimination, so that this part of the population under severe pressure.

A Hai said, is also a victim of its own, but also to understand their approach, but the family's attitude is most important to him. Fear of family members with him under pressure, the current A Hai has been living away from home alone.

He said: "The hope is alive, then the medicine is now developed, I believe that the anti-Ai drugs will eventually be invented."

"I should not have the life that is the case now Zhuihuimoji hope that through the media to tell you my experience so that we draw a lesson from me: stay away from drugs, love life." End of the interview, A Hai said.

(Fuzhou Evening News reporter Zhuo-Hua Qiao Zhou Yong)

 

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协和专家门诊部艾滋病治疗中心主任、教授、专家,中医药疑难病专治网站长等。论文《艾滋病中医论治探析》登载《中国性病艾滋病》2003版杂志,发明的艾滋病治疗新药康生丹自2002年临床应用至今疗效显著,现有中国唯一艾滋病新药3代…
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