党的十九大报告全文:汉英双语学习(22)

张祖乔 原创 | 2017-11-19 03:15 | 收藏 | 投票
关键字:学习 报告 双语 十九大 汉英 

 

党的十九大报告全文:汉英双语学习(22

 

(三)建设高素质专业化干部队伍。党的干部是党和国家事业的中坚力量。要坚持党管干部原则,坚持德才兼备、以德为先,坚持五湖四海、任人唯贤,坚持事业为上、公道正派,把好干部标准落到实处。坚持正确选人用人导向,匡正选人用人风气,突出政治标准,提拔重用牢固树立“四个意识”和“四个自信”、坚决维护党中央权威、全面贯彻执行党的理论和路线方针政策、忠诚干净担当的干部,选优配强各级领导班子。注重培养专业能力、专业精神,增强干部队伍适应新时代中国特色社会主义发展要求的能力。大力发现储备年轻干部,注重在基层一线和困难艰苦的地方培养锻炼年轻干部,源源不断选拔使用经过实践考验的优秀年轻干部。统筹做好培养选拔女干部、少数民族干部和党外干部工作。认真做好离退休干部工作。坚持严管和厚爱结合、激励和约束并重,完善干部考核评价机制,建立激励机制和容错纠错机制,旗帜鲜明为那些敢于担当、踏实做事、不谋私利的干部撑腰鼓劲。各级党组织要关心爱护基层干部,主动为他们排忧解难。

3. Training a contingent of competent and professional officials

Party officials are a central pillar of strength for the cause of our Party and country. We must adhere to the principle of the Party supervising officials; select officials on the basis of both integrity and ability, with priority given to integrity, and on the basis of merit regardless of background; and ensure that those who are dedicated, impartial, and upright should be appointed. We must implement in earnest the criteria for evaluating good officials. In selecting and appointing officials, we must adopt the right approach, with emphasis on political performance. We will promote and put in important positions those Party officials who do well according to the following criteria: they maintain political integrity, think in terms of the big picture, follow the leadership core, and keep in alignment with the central Party leadership; they have full confidence in the path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics; they uphold the authority of the Central Committee and faithfully follow the Partys theories, lines, principles, and policies; and they are loyal to the Party, have moral integrity, and demonstrate a keen sense of responsibility. We will strengthen leadership teams at all levels by appointing competent officials. We will take seriously the development of specialized expertise and professionalism, and enhance Party officials ability to meet the requirements of developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. We will work harder to identify promising young officials and get them well prepared for future jobs. We will focus on their practical training in local communities, in work on the frontline, and in areas where conditions are harsh, and work to produce a constant stream of outstanding young officials who have passed the test of practice. We will ensure coordinated training and selection of female officials, officials from ethnic minorities, and non-Party officials. We will ensure that retired officials are well taken care of. We will be both strict and caring, and place equal emphasis on providing incentives and imposing constraints. We will improve the performance assessment and evaluation system for officials, institute incentive mechanisms and mechanisms to allow for and address errors, and take a clear stand in supporting officials who are willing to assume responsibility, who take a down-to-earth approach in their work, and who do not seek personal gain. Party organizations at every level should care about officials working at the primary level, and help solve the problems and difficulties they encounter.

 

人才是实现民族振兴、赢得国际竞争主动的战略资源。要坚持党管人才原则,聚天下英才而用之,加快建设人才强国。实行更加积极、更加开放、更加有效的人才政策,以识才的慧眼、爱才的诚意、用才的胆识、容才的雅量、聚才的良方,把党内和党外、国内和国外各方面优秀人才集聚到党和人民的伟大奋斗中来,鼓励引导人才向边远贫困地区、边疆民族地区、革命老区和基层一线流动,努力形成人人渴望成才、人人努力成才、人人皆可成才、人人尽展其才的良好局面,让各类人才的创造活力竞相迸发、聪明才智充分涌流。

People with talent are a strategic resource for China as it endeavors to achieve national rejuvenation and stay ahead in international competition. We must follow the principle of the Party exercising leadership over personnel, assemble the best minds across the land and draw fully on their expertise, and step up efforts to make China a talent-strong country. We will pursue a more proactive, open, and effective policy on training competent professionals. We should value people with talent, be good at identifying talent, have the foresight to employ them, be earnest to keep them, and welcome them into our ranks. This will better enable us to attract bright people from both within and outside the Party and both in China and abroad to join us in pursuing the great endeavor of the Party and the people. We will encourage and guide people with talent to work in remote poor areas, border areas with mainly ethnic minority populations, and old revolutionary base areas, as well as in communities and on the frontlines. We will work to foster a positive environment in which everyone wants, strives, and is able to excel themselves, and can do full justice to their talents. With this, we aim to see that in every field the creativity of talent is given great expression and their ingenuity and expertise flow freely.

 

(四)加强基层组织建设。党的基层组织是确保党的路线方针政策和决策部署贯彻落实的基础。要以提升组织力为重点,突出政治功能,把企业、农村、机关、学校、科研院所、街道社区、社会组织等基层党组织建设成为宣传党的主张、贯彻党的决定、领导基层治理、团结动员群众、推动改革发展的坚强战斗堡垒。党支部要担负好直接教育党员、管理党员、监督党员和组织群众、宣传群众、凝聚群众、服务群众的职责,引导广大党员发挥先锋模范作用。坚持“三会一课”制度,推进党的基层组织设置和活动方式创新,加强基层党组织带头人队伍建设,扩大基层党组织覆盖面,着力解决一些基层党组织弱化、虚化、边缘化问题。扩大党内基层民主,推进党务公开,畅通党员参与党内事务、监督党的组织和干部、向上级党组织提出意见和建议的渠道。注重从产业工人、青年农民、高知识群体中和在非公有制经济组织、社会组织中发展党员。加强党内激励关怀帮扶。增强党员教育管理针对性和有效性,稳妥有序开展不合格党员组织处置工作。

4. Strengthening primary-level Party organizations

Primary-level Party organizations do the groundwork to ensure the Partys lines, principles, policies, decisions, and plans are implemented. We will work to ensure that primary-level Party organizations in enterprises, villages, Party and government departments, schools, research institutes, sub-districts, communities, and social organizations play a key role in communicating the Partys propositions, carrying out the Partys decisions, overseeing community-level social governance, uniting and mobilizing the people, and promoting reform and development. In doing so, we will focus on improving the organizational capability of primary-level Party organizations and give priority to enhancing their political functions. Party branches should fulfill their responsibilities for directly guiding, managing, and overseeing their members and for organizing, communicating with, uniting, and serving the people. They should encourage their members to play an exemplary role. We must practice the system of holding Party branch general meetings, meetings of Party branch committees, Party group meetings, and Party lectures. We will develop new ways for setting up primary-level Party organizations and for them to carry out their activities, strengthen the training of their heads, and expand their reach. We must work harder to address the problems that some primary-level Party organizations are weak, ineffective, and marginalized. We will expand intraparty democracy at the primary level, make Party affairs more  transparent, and ensure channels are open for Party members to participate in Party affairs, oversee Party organizations and officials, and submit opinions and suggestions to the Party organization at the next level up. We will do more to recruit new Party members from among industrial workers, young people working in agriculture, well-educated groups, and people working in non-public economic entities and social organizations. We will give more incentives, solicitude, and assistance to Party members. We will make our guidance and management of Party members better targeted and more effective, and handle Party members that dont meet the mark in a prudent and orderly way.

 

(五)持之以恒正风肃纪。我们党来自人民、植根人民、服务人民,一旦脱离群众,就会失去生命力。加强作风建设,必须紧紧围绕保持党同人民群众的血肉联系,增强群众观念和群众感情,不断厚植党执政的群众基础。凡是群众反映强烈的问题都要严肃认真对待,凡是损害群众利益的行为都要坚决纠正。坚持以上率下,巩固拓展落实中央八项规定精神成果,继续整治“四风”问题,坚决反对特权思想和特权现象。重点强化政治纪律和组织纪律,带动廉洁纪律、群众纪律、工作纪律、生活纪律严起来。坚持开展批评和自我批评,坚持惩前毖后、治病救人,运用监督执纪“四种形态”,抓早抓小、防微杜渐。赋予有干部管理权限的党组相应纪律处分权限,强化监督执纪问责。加强纪律教育,强化纪律执行,让党员、干部知敬畏、存戒惧、守底线,习惯在受监督和约束的环境中工作生活。

5. Working ceaselessly to improve Party conduct and enforce Party discipline

Our Party comes from the people, has its roots among the people, and is dedicated to serving the people. Once the Party becomes disengaged from the people, it will lose its vitality. In improving Party conduct, we must focus on maintaining the Partys close bond with the people, keep them firmly in mind, develop a closer affinity with them, and keep working to foster stronger public support for the Partys governance. We must earnestly address all issues the people are strongly concerned about, and resolutely correct any behavior that undermines the peoples interests. Our Party officials should lead by example in consolidating and building on the advances made in implementing the central Party leaderships eight-point decision on improving Party and government conduct. We should continue to address the practice of formalities for formalities sake, bureaucratism, hedonism, and extravagance, and oppose mindsets and acts of privilege seeking. We will focus on strengthening the enforcement of political and organizational discipline, and use this to prompt stricter observance of discipline on upholding integrity, on interacting with the people, and regarding work and life. We will continue to carry out criticism and self-criticism in keeping with the principle of learning from mistakes to prevent recurrence and treating the illness to save the patient. We will conduct four forms of oversight over discipline compliance, identify problems early and correct them while they are nascent. Party organizations with the power to supervise officials will be given corresponding power to take disciplinary action as called for, and accountability for overseeing discipline compliance will be tightened up on. We will raise Party members awareness of discipline and strengthen discipline enforcement, and demand that Party members and officials hold discipline in awe and respect, do not cross the line, and become used to working and living under oversight and constraints.

 

(六)夺取反腐败斗争压倒性胜利。人民群众最痛恨腐败现象,腐败是我们党面临的最大威胁。只有以反腐败永远在路上的坚韧和执着,深化标本兼治,保证干部清正、政府清廉、政治清明,才能跳出历史周期率,确保党和国家长治久安。当前,反腐败斗争形势依然严峻复杂,巩固压倒性态势、夺取压倒性胜利的决心必须坚如磐石。要坚持无禁区、全覆盖、零容忍,坚持重遏制、强高压、长震慑,坚持受贿行贿一起查,坚决防止党内形成利益集团。在市县党委建立巡察制度,加大整治群众身边腐败问题力度。不管腐败分子逃到哪里,都要缉拿归案、绳之以法。推进反腐败国家立法,建设覆盖纪检监察系统的检举举报平台。强化不敢腐的震慑,扎牢不能腐的笼子,增强不想腐的自觉,通过不懈努力换来海晏河清、朗朗乾坤。

6. Securing a sweeping victory in the fight against corruption

The people resent corruption most; and corruption is the greatest threat our Party faces. We must have the resolve and tenacity to persevere in the never-ending fight against corruption. Only by intensifying efforts to address both the symptoms and root causes of corruptionby making sure that officials are honest, government is clean, and political affairs are handled with integritycan we avoid historys cycle of rise and fall and ensure the long-term stability of the Party and the country. Currently, the fight against corruption remains grave and complex; we must remain as firm as a rock in our resolve to build on the overwhelming momentum and secure a sweeping victory. We will continue to see that there are no no-go zones, no ground is left unturned, and no tolerance is shown for corruption. We will impose tight constraints, maintain a tough stance and a long-term deterrence, punish both those who take bribes and those who offer them, and prevent interest groups from arising within the Party. We will institute a system of disciplinary inspection for city and county level Party committees in an intensified effort to address corruption that occurs on the peoples doorsteps. Wherever offenders may flee, they will be brought back and brought to justice. We will work for the adoption of national anti-corruption legislation and create a corruption reporting platform that covers both disciplinary inspection commissions and supervision agencies. We will strengthen deterrence so officials dont dare to, strengthen the cage of institutions so theyre unable to, and strengthen their vigilance so they have no desire to commit acts of corruption. Our political environment will, through tireless efforts, like seas fallen calm and rivers running clear, be clean and free of corruption.

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