涉性讲座学生听得伸懒腰 专家:像停留在八十年代

涉性讲座学生听得伸懒腰 专家:像停留在八十年代

2008年12月18日 13:18 来源:成都晚报 


  “蚊虫叮咬会传染艾滋病吗?”“会!”……这段师生问答来自于昨日(12月17日)在电子高专举行的一堂性教育公开课。来自全国各地14个省市、70余所学校和单位的近200名大、中、小学青少年性健康教育老师齐集一堂,观摩了这场针对大学生的性教育课。

  第一堂课:大学生涉性交往

  教学效果:学生听得伸懒腰

  学生嘀咕:老师该讲《断臂山》

  全国学校性教育经验交流暨学术交流会以献课方式、老师讲课专家点评的形式举行,分大学、中学、小学,持续到19日。昨日,川内一所高校的老师为大一新生带来了题为《大学生涉性交往》的讲座。根据该老师的统计,他们学校大学生中至少有1/3的学生在谈恋爱,她为大家讲述了大学生的恋爱的六大动机:生理、奉献、心理平衡、满足性欲等,然后谈到了大学生恋爱中有哪些亲密行为。然后她讲解了一些概念性的知识。

  在不到一小时的上课时间里,记者观察到,台下学生似乎坐得有些不耐烦,一位女生甚至伸着懒腰小声说,“不想听了……”而对老师的提问,很多人报以了“冷对”,“太老套了。”“该讲《色戒》《断臂山》……”一些“观众”甚至在下面窃窃私语。“的确,这位老师讲的内容很多大学生都了解了,一些关于性与爱关系的论述她回避了。”徐震雷遗憾地评价,“感觉像停留在上个世纪七八十年代……”

  第二堂课:艾滋病知识

  教学效果:学生回答让人苦笑不得

  专家科普:蚊子叮咬不传播艾滋

  第二堂课延边大学农学院李淑玲的讲课涉及到了相当多关于艾滋病的问题。这个问题似乎引起了同学们极大的兴趣,互动参与的人也多了起来。然而同学们对艾滋病参差不齐的理解却让在场的专家们哭笑不得。“如果你遇到艾滋病携带者你会怎么办?”李老师问在座的同学,“离开他!”“如果和艾滋病携带者发生了性行为应该怎么办?”一个女生扭扭捏捏地站起来回答说:“我也不知道该怎么办。”

  到会专家几次上台纠正同学们错误的认识,蚊虫叮咬是不会传播艾滋病的,因为艾滋病毒离开血液进入空气很快就会死亡,再说“蚊子不会吐血!”“浅接吻不会导致艾滋病,除非两个人的嘴唇都破了!”

  同学对艾滋病常识知之甚少让专家很难过,“现在的大学生常识性问题了解得太少了!”张银俊说。

  张银俊:性对娃娃仍是盲区应快纳入应试教育

  面对大学生似是而非的回答,中国青少年防治艾滋病工程办公室主任张银俊难过地说道:“中国的性教育与社会发展太不协调”。而对老师的讲课,中国性学会秘书长、北京大学教授徐震雷客观评价说,“还停留在上世纪七八十年代”,这反映了现在中国大学的性教育课的一种通病。

  “虽然国务院、教育部都有文件要求在青少年中开展青春期和性健康知识教育,然而没有机构推动、没有资金、没有被纳入应试教育体系,造成了学校性教育的盲区。”张银俊分析。中国性学会正在试图编写一套针对不同年龄学生的性教育课程标准,然而中国传统思想的影响,宁可保守不愿开放的心态,让性教育在学校推行很困难。

  一个目标:大中小学生各有最低要求

  由于传统的影响,“性教育”在中国似乎是一个很隐晦的话题,那么应该如何开展这项教育,记者采访了徐震雷和张银俊两位专家。他们不约而同地认为,开展性教育越早越好,“应该在小孩子世界观还没有形成时就开始,让他们在不知道害羞的情况下,像平常学写字画画一样了解性。”

  在幼儿园时期,张银俊谈到,应该让孩子知道自己是怎么来的;小学高年级让学生学会怎样保护自己,如何应对性骚扰,到了初中或者更大的年龄就应该了解性行为、两性关系、责任、爱心等知识了,“一定要明白底线在哪里,在交往的时候要有责任意识。”

  谈到对幼儿进行性教育,徐震雷说这同样是必要的。(张峥)

Sex-related lectures students hear experts stretch: to stay as in the 1980s

At 1:18 p.m. on December 18, 2008 Source: Chengdu Evening News


"AIDS, infectious mosquito bite?" "!" ... This ... teachers and students from the Q & A yesterday (Dec. 17) at the Electronic High Commissioner held a public sex education classes. From 14 provinces and cities across the country, more than 70 schools and units for nearly 200 large, medium and adolescent sexual health education in primary schools gathered at a teacher, watched the college students for sex education classes.

First class: college students arrested for sexual contact

The effect of teaching: students could stretch

Whispered the students: teachers say that "Brokeback Mountain"

National Sex Education in Schools to exchange experience and academic exchanges will offer classes in order to approach the teacher comments in the form of expert lectures held at universities, secondary schools, primary schools, until 19. Yesterday, Kawachi a teacher's colleges and universities to bring freshmen entitled "exchanges of students involved" in talks. According to the statistics of teachers, university students in their schools at least 1 / 3 of students falling in love, she was all about the love of the university's six major motivation: physical, dedication, mental balance and meet the sexual desire, and so on, and then talked about the college students in love What intimacy. She then explained some of the conceptual knowledge.

In less than an hour of class time, the reporter observed that the students in the audience seemed to sit some impatience, a female Shenzhuolanyao even in a low voice, "do not want to listening to ... ..." and on the teacher's questions, a lot of people Responded with a "cold" and "too much of the old" he said. "Speakers of the" Lust, Caution, "" Brokeback Mountain "... ..." "audience" and even whispering below. "It is true that teachers who talk about the content of many college students are aware of, about the relationship between sex and love, she avoided the discussion." Xu Chun-mine evaluation of regret, "It feels like staying in the last century Qibashinian on behalf of ... ..."

The second lesson: AIDS knowledge

The effect of teaching: students can not answer people smile

Scientific experts: mosquito bites do not spread HIV

The second class of Yanbian University College of Agriculture of lectures by Lee Su-ling involves a lot on AIDS. The problem seems to be aroused great interest in students, to participate in the interaction of many people up. However, students were uneven understanding of AIDS, let the presence of experts dumbfounding. "If you encounter people living with AIDS, how would you do?" Li asked the students here, "he left!" "If people living with AIDS and sexual behavior have taken place in how should I do?" One Niuniunienie girls to stand up and answer Said: "I do not know how to do that."

Experts will power several times to correct the mistakes of the students understanding of mosquito bites is not the spread of AIDS because HIV blood into the air to leave soon died, to say "no mosquito blood!" "Light kissing does not lead to AIDS Unless two people are breaking the lips! "

Students so that experts know little about AIDS common sense of sadness, "the university students are now common-sense understanding of the issue of too little!" Said Zhang Jun silver.

Jun Zhang Yin: Sex on the blind spot should still be doll quickly into the exam-oriented education

In the face of college students paradoxical answer, the China Youth AIDS prevention and treatment projects, Zhang Yin Jun, director of the Office of the sad said: "China's sex education and social development are too uncoordinated." The teacher's lecture on the Chinese Society of the Secretary-General, professor at Beijing University, Xu Zhen and objective evaluation of mine said, "remains in the last century Qibashinian generation", which now reflects the Chinese University of the sex education class a common problem.

"Although the State Council, the Ministry of Education has requested documents in the adolescent and young people to carry out sexual health education, but the agency did not push, no money is not included in the examination-oriented education system, resulting in a blind spot in sex education in schools." Zhang Yin Jun analysis. Society of China is trying to prepare a set of students of different ages, sex education curriculum standards, but the traditional Chinese thinking, rather conservative and reluctant to open up our minds, so that sex education in schools is very difficult.

A: Students have their own minimum requirements for small

Due to the influence of "sex education" in China seems to be a very obscure topic, how to carry out this education, an interview with a reporter Xu Zhen Yin Lei Zhang Jun and two experts. They all believe that sex education as soon as possible, "children should be in the world has not yet began to form, so that they do not know if shy, as usual, like learning to paint and write and understand."

In the kindergarten period, Chang Chun-yin said that we should let children know they are of how to; high-grade primary school for students to learn how to protect themselves, how to deal with sexual harassment, or to a junior high school age should be more understanding of sexuality, gender relations, responsibility, Love of knowledge, and so on, "must understand where the bottom line in a time when relations have a sense of responsibility."

Speaking of sex education for young children, said Xu Chun-mine This is also necessary. (Zhang Zheng)
个人简介
协和专家门诊部艾滋病治疗中心主任、教授、专家,中医药疑难病专治网站长等。论文《艾滋病中医论治探析》登载《中国性病艾滋病》2003版杂志,发明的艾滋病治疗新药康生丹自2002年临床应用至今疗效显著,现有中国唯一艾滋病新药3代…
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